Every one of us has anxiety from time to time. This is a normal reaction to events. For example, we worry about loved ones, the result of a test or the outcome of an interview, before making an important decision. But it happens that anxiety develops into anxiety disorder. This is already a serious disease that requires treatment. If anxiety disorder is diagnosed in time and the treatment is started early, then the chances of returning to a normal and quiet life are very high.
Anxiety Disorder: What is it?
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by an extremely strong sense of anxiety and fear. They are characterized by the constant anxiety of patients about life circumstances, their appearance or relationships with people around them.
Because of internal discomfort and unpleasant thoughts, patients often withdraw into themselves, limit their social circle and do not develop their abilities.
Anxiety disorders include:
- generalized anxiety disorder;
- phobic disorders;
- panic disorder;
- agoraphobia (fear of open space);
- social anxiety disorder;
- post-traumatic stress disorder;
- emotional disorders, the onset of which is specific for children;
- situational anxiety;
- obsessive compulsive disorder;
- selective mutism (loss of ability to speak in certain situations).
Causes of Anxiety Disorder
There is no unequivocal answer to the question of what causes anxiety disorder. Experts consider that the following factors may provoke it:
- chronic heart or hormonal diseases, persistent circulatory disorders;
- taking psychoactive substances or their abrupt withdrawal, chronic alcoholism or drug addiction;
- head injuries and their consequences;
- long stressful situations;
- melancholic temperament or disturbing character accentuation;
- mental trauma in early childhood or in adults in extreme situations (war, being on the verge of life and death, care of loved ones or depriving them of support);
- high susceptibility to hazards, their exaggeration;
- neurotic states (neurasthenia, depression, hysteria) or mental illness (schizophrenia, paranoia, mania).
Types of Anxiety Disorders
There are several types of anxiety disorders:
- Anxiety-depressive disorder is characterized by feelings of constant anxiety without real sources of danger. It is manifested by pathological changes in the personality of the sick and their physical health.
- Anxious-phobic state is caused by a constant sense of danger arising from cycling over past traumatic events of their human life or made-up fears of the future.
- Social disorder manifests itself by diligently avoiding any contact with others, even their simple observation of the actions of patients causes them emotional discomfort, and the critic is extremely painful for such patients.
- Adaptive phobia proceeds with fear of falling into new living conditions.
- Organic anxiety is a consequence of somatic disease, therefore, besides anxiety, patients have other signs of body damage (persistent headaches with loss of orientation in space, memory loss or severe disruptions in the heart, pancreas, liver, etc.).
- Mixed disorder is characterized by signs of anxiety and low mood background at the same time.
Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
There are signs that are common to all forms of anxiety disorders:
- pronounced emotional stress and anxiety, even panic attacks;
- mood swings;
- persistent sleep disorders;
- conflicting relationships with others;
- decrease in the severity of reactions, inhibition of thinking;
- excessive sweating;
- loss of performance due to weakness and rapid fatigue;
- complaints of pain in different parts of the body.
Each type of disease can have its own distinctive features. For example, generalized anxiety disorder, the symptoms of which are caused by total anxiety practically before any life circumstances, manifests itself in difficulties concentrating on any activity in the home or at work, inability to relax and constant motor tension, pain in the stomach and digestive disorders, heart disorders.
Anxiety-depressive disorder with panic attacks occurs with anxiety attacks against the background of depression and is characterized by:
- lack of interest in life and close people;
- lack of positive emotions;
- a sudden feeling of fear;
- vegetative pathology: increased heart rate, squeezing in the sternum and proximity to fainting, lack of air, excessive sweating.
Without treatment, anxiety disorders in most cases persist. Therefore, if you have noticed signs of anxiety disorder in yourself or in your close people, you should contact a specialist. Therapeutic assistance in the treatment of the disease is:
- In the normalization of the regime of work and rest of patients (rational nutrition, prevention of physical and emotional stress, maintaining a healthy lifestyle).
- In medication prescribed by a doctor: tranquilizers and antidepressants.
- Courses of psychotherapy (cognitive, behavioral, rational, psychoanalytic, etc.).
Most often, the treatment of increased anxiety is comprehensive, but if the doctor confirms her psychogenic origin, it is recommended to provide assistance for the illness in the course of individual and group sessions with patients.
One of the most effective and affordable drugs today is Xanax. He effectively fights not only anxiety disorder, but also panic attacks. Over the past year alone, several million prescriptions have been written. But do not forget that in case of violation of the instructions, the drug may appear side effects, and in the case of excessive use of Xanax overdose is possible.
This article is solely educational, encyclopedic and informational functions. You must obtain the approval of your doctor before applying the tips and recommendations described in the article. Do not self-medicate!