Experts note that in recent years the number of people suffering from depression has increased several times. They associate this with the modern way of life, when a person faces a huge number of tasks and problems that need to be solved as soon as possible. In a situation where the day you need to answer a few dozen calls, send emails, agree on plans and schedules, panic attacks, and after them depression becomes the norm. But how to deal with them? How to return to normal life?
Depression: a problem more serious than it seems
Depression is a mental disorder characterized by a depressive triad. It includes a decrease in mood, disturbances in thinking (a pessimistic view of everything that is happening, a loss of the ability to feel joy, negative judgments), and motor restraint.
According to recent studies, the likelihood of developing depression during life ranges from 22 to 33%. But these figures do not reflect the real situation, because not all patients seek help from specialists. And many of those who decide to go to the reception, do it only after the development of secondary and associated disorders.
Depression is accompanied by reduced self-esteem, loss of taste for life, as well as interest in familiar activities, isolation. It often happens that a person experiencing a depressive state begins to abuse alcohol.
What causes depression?
As a rule, the most common causes of depression are acute psychological trauma or chronic stress. Depression resulting from psychological trauma is called reactive. They are triggered by divorce, death or severe illness of a loved one, disability or severe illness of the patient, dismissal, conflicts at work, retirement, bankruptcy, a sharp drop in material support, relocation, etc.
It happens that a depressive state comes after reaching a long-desired goal. In this case, the person loses interest in life, without setting himself other tasks.
Neurotic depression (depressive neurosis) develops on the background of chronic stress. In such cases, it is very difficult to establish the specific cause of the disorder – the patient either finds it difficult to name the traumatic event or perceives his life as a chain of failures and disappointments.
Another risk factor is brain damage and somatic diseases. Studies show that abnormalities are detected in 50% of stroke patients, in 60% of patients suffering from chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency, and in 15-25% of patients with a history of head injury. In TBI, depression is usually detected in the long-term period (several months or years after the injury).
Symptoms of depression
Symptoms of depression are divided into major and minor (additional). Depression is diagnosed when there are two main symptoms and three are additional.
- Depressed mood, which does not depend on external circumstances, lasting from two weeks or more.
- Persistent fatigue during the month.
- Anhedonia, which is manifested in the loss of interest from previously enjoyable activity.
- sense of worthlessness, anxiety, guilt or fear;
- inability to make decisions and focus;
- low self-esteem;
- thoughts of death or suicide;
- reduced or increased appetite;
- sleep disorders, manifested in insomnia or peresypani.
The diagnosis of depression is made when the duration of the symptoms, starting with a two-week period. However, the diagnosis is also established for a shorter period with severe symptoms.
How to treat depression?
Mild depressive disorders can respond quite well to psychotherapeutic treatment. In moderate and severe depression, the use of antidepressants and psychotherapy is more effective.
Xanax in the fight against depression is one of the most popular antidepressants. But the doctor must prescribe this drug, given the current state of the patient. Only a doctor can choose the correct dosage, because in each specific case it is individual. For example, for someone Xanax 1mg will be the best option and will not cause side effects, someone will need a stronger dose, and someone Xanax 2mg can cause an overdose.
Do not forget that you cannot mix Xanax and alcohol, as well as Xanax and other drugs.
In addition to outpatient treatment of mild to moderate depression, severe depressions are to be treated and monitored in the hospital setting.
Depression is a psychological disorder that affects many people. There are many reasons for this, so if you or your loved ones started having mental problems, mood swings, lost interest in life, then you should be alert and go to a specialist. Depression should not be underestimated. But thanks to modern medicine it is amenable to effective treatment. Do not self-medicate. Only a doctor can prescribe the necessary therapy and medication for depression (for example, Xanax). Take care of your health!
This article is solely educational, encyclopedic and informational functions. You must obtain the approval of your doctor before applying the tips and recommendations described in the article. Do not self-medicate!